An allergy happens when the body reacts to triggers that under ordinary conditions aren’t a threat to most people. These triggers are referred to as allergens. Different signs and symptoms occur when the body interacts with such allergens.
Hay fever is a typical allergy that happens when the body responds to allergens such as pollen and dust. It can become difficult to understand which allergens are responsible for the way that your body reacts. It helps to keep a record of the symptoms that you experience. Your doctor can then help you to identify the causes and give you advice on how to avoid them.
Symptoms of an allergy
A sudden and severe allergic reaction known as anaphylaxis can sometimes occur. If this happens it’s important to get medical help immediately. Symptoms of anaphylaxis are:
- Inadequate flow of blood leading to a state of shock. A person may show symptoms such as sweating, dryness, confusion, anxiety and loss of consciousness. Death can occur if medical care is not administered quickly.
- Difficulty breathing.
Common symptoms of an allergic reaction are:
- Itching, hives, rash, redness, or blisters on the skin
- Coughing, wheezing, tightness around the chest, and difficulty breathing
- Swelling of the lips, eyes, face and throat
- Runny nose, nasal congestion and sneezing
- Redness of the eyes
- Nausea, diarrhea, abdominal pain and vomiting
- Sore throat, lethargic
What causes an allergic reaction
The cause of an allergic reaction depends on which part of the body is affected, but there is always a trigger. Some allergic reactions can affect just one part of the body. Others may involve larger areas or multiple parts of the body. Reactions can vary from one individual to another. The amount of time it takes for the body to react to triggers is different for each person. Common triggers of an allergic reaction are:
- Foods like peanuts, soy, eggs, seafood, wheat, nuts and dairy products. A food intolerance is different to a food allergy. Food intolerances occur as a response of the digestive system. Food allergies occur as a response of the immune system.
- Medications like antibiotics, vaccines and anesthetics can trigger an allergic reaction in some people.
- Insect bites and stings
- Extreme temperatures (heat and cold)
- Stress or other strong emotions
- Perfume fragrance and cosmetics
Certain factors can make a person prone to allergies:
- Family history
- A medical condition
- Lung disorders
- Infections in the ear
- Infections in the respiratory tract
- Eczema and other skin conditions.
Remedies for Allergies
Medications and allergy shots can be taken to control an allergic reaction. The most effective method to avoid an allergic reaction is to recognise and avoid triggers. There are some simple home remedies for allergies which help to provide relief. These include:
- To clear out the nasal passages and flush out allergens, cleanse the airways with a mixture of salt dissolved in warm water.
- Sipping apple cider vinegar mixed with water throughout the day helps to ease the early symptoms of an allergy. Continue this treatment until the symptoms subside.
- Garlic can also be used for allergic reactions. Garlic supplements are available in many drug stores.
- Eating foods rich in vitamin C strengthens immunity and protects you from infections and illness. The recommended daily dosage is 2000mg of vitamin C .
- For relief from allergy symptoms, add a teaspoon of turmeric powder to a glass of water and drink.
- Essential oils are beneficial in relieving skin allergies and hay fever. Sniff a few drops of basil, lavender or peppermint essential oil when you feel the onset of allergy symptoms.
- Quercetin is a natural anti-histamine. It is considered to be one of the best natural remedies for allergens, and is found in leafy greens, tomatoes, berries and broccoli. It can stop an allergic reaction from taking place.
- Honey, an essential in every home pantry, contains pollen that triggers allergies. By delivering small amounts of the pollen, it helps to immunize the body. Take two tablespoons of honey daily, especially during hay fever season.
- Vitamin E is beneficial for those who suffer from food allergies. Take a vitamin E supplement daily.
Diet for Allergies
A healthy diet is essential in protecting you from allergies and hay fever. To strengthen the respiratory system and help you to breathe better, you must eat the right foods. To ease nasal congestion, you must eat certain foods. This list contains some common foods which help to protect against allergies:
- Nuts are a valuable source of magnesium helping to improve the functioning of the lungs. They’re also rich in vitamin E which helps to build immunity and protect against respiratory infections.
- Grapes are rich in antioxidants helping to relieve inflammation in the body. They also help in easing wheezing and coughing.
- Apples, Oranges and Tomatoes are important sources of vitamin C which protect against allergies. They are especially advantageus for those who suffer with asthma.
- Cold water fish contains high levels of omega 3 fatty acids helping to reduce inflammation.
- Eating spicy foods will often cause sneezing, which can give relief from nasal congestion. Spicy foods can help to loosen the mucus and soothe the lining of the throat.
- Drinking fruit and vegetable juices can help to detoxify the body and cleanse out the digestive system. Always choose organic fruit and vegetable juices for allergies.
Recommendation for Allergies
- It will still be necessaary to avoid triggers once you have a treatment plan in place.
- Identifying the triggers is essential, and once you recognise them, you must take the steps necessary to avoid them.
- Keeping a diary of when and where symptoms occur can be helpful in identifying the triggers that prompt an allergic reaction and treating them appropriately.
- Wearing a medical alert bracelet or necklace in case of emergencies is helpful as it indicates that you have a serious allergy.